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Leadership Styles - FGS Wiki

Leadership Styles


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[[Category:Strategies for Presidents]]
 
[[Category:Strategies for Presidents]]
 +
 +
 +
== introduction ==
 +
 +
The president of a genealogical society not only
 +
influences policy for a term of office, but sets
 +
the psychological tone for the society as well.
 +
This tone is defined by the style of leadership
 +
adopted by the president. This paper will
 +
examine various leadership styles recognizing
 +
that few people adopt one style to the exclusion
 +
of all others. Most leaders vary and combine
 +
several aspects of leadership styles depending
 +
on the problems faced by the society, the
 +
personality of the existing governing board,
 +
and the policies already developed by the
 +
organization.
 +
 +
Past experiences and psychological make-up
 +
do influence the style adopted by the president.
 +
Research in formal organizational structures,
 +
however, suggest that leaders can indeed
 +
change their style. Change requires flexibility,
 +
courage and energy, but it can be done. As you
 +
examine the five leadership styles discussed
 +
below, think about the leadership methods you
 +
have developed. Evaluate if a change in your
 +
style might benefit you and your organizaiton.
 +
task oriented leader.
 +
 +
These individuals determine goals, concentrate
 +
on the job that needs to be done and motivate
 +
people to help. If some members interfere or
 +
attempt to provoke conflict, these leaders are
 +
able to move forward without becoming unduly
 +
concerned. They focus on the responsibility
 +
at hand and ignore the distractions. These
 +
presidents feel comfortable in making most
 +
needed decisions and after deciding, can easily
 +
convince others to support them. These leaders
 +
have confidence in their own abilities and are
 +
secure in their position. They often accomplish
 +
a great deal. However, their methods can result
 +
in others feeling excluded and even resentful.
 +
 +
''The Board of the 'We All Have Roots
 +
Genealogical Society feels that communication
 +
among members should be improved. President
 +
Let’s-Do-It agrees. She collects samples of
 +
other society’s newsletters, develops on her
 +
home computer a prototype of a newlstter for
 +
the We All Have Roots Society, obtains bids
 +
from several printing companies, and then
 +
presents her newsletter proposal at the next
 +
Board meeting.''
 +
 +
 +
== Charismatic/Authoritarian Leader ==
 +
 +
This leader presents new ideas, then invites
 +
questions and discussion from the Board and
 +
membership. The final decision, however,
 +
is made by the President and then sold to
 +
members, sometimes on a one-to-one basis.
 +
These leaders delegate well and have the ability
 +
to persuade others to work hard toward the
 +
agreed upon goals. This type of leader tends
 +
to be personal with praise and with criticism.
 +
These leaders show concern with individual
 +
member’s feelings and work well with others
 +
on an individual basis.
 +
 +
''The Blue River Genealogical Society needs to
 +
select an editor for their new quarterly, Damp
 +
Times. Two qualified candidates are available.
 +
President Peacock acquaints the Board with the
 +
job qualifications and provides biographical
 +
sketches of each of those interested in the
 +
position. President Peacock feels that Susie
 +
Smith would do a better job. After the Board
 +
meeting, President Peacock separately
 +
telephones his Vice-president and Treasurer,
 +
both strong personalities. He tells each how
 +
much he values their opinions and asks how
 +
they feel about Susie Smith as quarterly editor.
 +
Within a few minutes President Peacock has
 +
contributed why he feels Susie Smith is such
 +
an asset to the Society. The other officers agree
 +
she has much to offer and each could support
 +
her appointment as Editor. President Peacock
 +
states he greatly appreciates their help and
 +
believes the Society is stronger for each of their
 +
contributions. At the next meeting, President
 +
Peacock appoints Susie Smith the "Damp Times"
 +
Editor.''
 +
 +
 +
== Democratic Leader ==
 +
 +
The president with this approach seeks
 +
to obtain cooperation of members and
 +
encourages participation in decision making.
 +
Communication is very important to this type
 +
of leader and open discussion is encouraged.
 +
These leaders present several ideas, encourage
 +
new ones from members and then ask the
 +
group to make the decision. Most members
 +
respond well to this style of leadership and
 +
report satisfaction with the job done as long
 +
as the leader does not relinquish ultimate
 +
responsibility.
 +
 +
''The End of the Earth Genealogical Society is
 +
planning a fall conference. They would like
 +
to have a syllabus available for attendees.
 +
President Washington appointed a committee
 +
to investigate alternatives to production and
 +
printing. After the committee reports at the
 +
Board meeting, President Washington is careful
 +
to review the positives and negatives of each
 +
alternative. After considerable discussion,
 +
Valerie Vocal expresses her strong feelings
 +
that the group should use Plan A. However,
 +
President Washington is aware that Calvin
 +
Quiet has prior experience in the publishing
 +
field. The leader briefly tells the group of
 +
Calvin’s qualifications and asks if Calvin has
 +
an opinion as to which plan the group should
 +
adopt. After Calvin explains why he supports
 +
Plan B, several other Board members expressed
 +
agreement. Valerie continues to advocate Plan
 +
A. President Washington asks that the committee
 +
again review Plan A and Plan B suggesting
 +
there might be a way to combine the best aspects
 +
of both plans. The president asks the committee
 +
to further investigate each proposal, weigh the
 +
points raised at this meeting, returning to the
 +
next meeting with a recommendation. Two
 +
weeks later, the committee returns suggesting
 +
a modified Plan B. They carefully explain their
 +
reasons and note the individual consulted. The
 +
Board votes unanimously for Plan B.''
 +
 +
This form of leadership has the disadvantage,
 +
however, of becoming time-consuming and
 +
sometimes decreasing actual productivity.
 +
Considerable time is taken in reaching the
 +
original consensus. In the interests of pleasing
 +
everyone, decisions can be weakened. Although
 +
most of us believe strongly in the democratic
 +
process and we should like to be this type of
 +
leader, this is not the leader you want in a
 +
crisis.
 +
 +
 +
== Process-Oriented Leader ==
 +
 +
This leader’s ultimate concern is member
 +
satisfaction. She has a deep interest in people’s
 +
feelings and is sensitive to the importance of
 +
social interaction. This leader recognizes that
 +
a genealogical society performs an important
 +
social outlet for many of its members. It is
 +
important that people feel good about the
 +
society and other members to the greatest extent
 +
possible. This person tries to see that members
 +
are recognized and praised for activities both
 +
personally and publicly.
 +
 +
Members are encouraged to participate in board
 +
meetings. Organizations who elect presidents
 +
with this style may have large councils or
 +
board representing a large proportion of the
 +
membership. The President serves in the rold
 +
of facilitator.
 +
 +
She encourages members to bring up problems
 +
for discussion. This type of leader is more
 +
part of the group than head of the group. The
 +
human element is more important to this leader
 +
than the achievement of objectives. This type
 +
of executive is usually well-liked and member
 +
satisfaction with this person may be quite high.
 +
Usually another leader will emerge, however,
 +
who is more task oriented and will steer the
 +
discussion to goals and/or problems. If these
 +
two people work well together, much can be
 +
accomplished.
 +
 +
''President Positive feels that the hardworking
 +
society volunteers should be reocignized. She
 +
discusses a social event with the Hospitality
 +
Committee. She encourages the committee to
 +
involve as many society members as possible
 +
in both planning and presenting the affair.
 +
She devises buttons which display the number
 +
“30.” At the social event, the president presents
 +
a button to each of those members who have
 +
contributed thirty or more volunteer hours
 +
to the society during the past year. President
 +
Positive explains that each of these individuals
 +
has contributed not only to the growth of the
 +
society, but to the good feelings members enjoy
 +
as well. After the affair, President Positive
 +
sends a list of those who received buttons to
 +
the local newspaper.''
 +
 +
 +
== Laissez Faire Leader ==
 +
 +
This President, with minimum personal
 +
participation. allows the group complete
 +
freedom in determining goals and decisions.
 +
This leader may supply various materials for
 +
group discussion or gather data requested by
 +
the members. He takes no part in the discussion,
 +
however, and does not try to steer the members
 +
in any specific way. This leader makes minimal
 +
contribution to the discussion unless questioned.
 +
He makes no attempt to regulate or supervise
 +
the organization or its decisions.
 +
 +
This type of management encourages
 +
independence and self-reliance in society
 +
members. It forces individuals to become
 +
associates in the group and to get involved in
 +
the problem solving process.
 +
 +
''Several board members of the Finding Families
 +
Genealogical Society approach President
 +
Laid-back suggesting that the society help
 +
the Many Books Public Library raise funds to
 +
buy the 1920 U.S. Federal census. At the next
 +
meeting, President Laid-back offers the idea
 +
and provides the cost of the census. He asks
 +
the group if they want to adopt this project.
 +
He invites them to think about ways in which
 +
the Society could raise the necessary funds.
 +
Discussion begins.''
 +
 +
A major disadvantage of this style is that
 +
without a strong leader, the group may have
 +
no direction or control. Strong personalities,
 +
who were not elected, may attempt to gain
 +
control and cause dissension within the society.
 +
Other members may become frustrated and the
 +
society may evolve into chaos.
 +
 +
 +
== Summary ==
 +
 +
It becomes apparent these are not five separate
 +
styles. Most people use a combination of
 +
techniques depending on their society, its history
 +
and written policies, the values and personality
 +
of the leader, and the confidence the members
 +
have in their president. Leadership styles may
 +
change depending on the goals and structure of
 +
the society as well as the challenges it faces.
 +
The democratic process may work best when
 +
the society is deciding how to raise funds
 +
or whether to publish the county marriage
 +
records. On the other hand, if the company
 +
who was printing the conference syllabus has
 +
an equipment breakdown three days before the
 +
event, the society needs an authoritarian leader
 +
who can quickly make decisions.
 +
 +
Good leaders recognize both the positive and
 +
negative factors inherent in each leadership
 +
style. However, the most effective leaders are
 +
ones who consider various leadership methods,
 +
know themselves well and then deliberately
 +
choose a style to fit the situation.

Revision as of 07:16, 14 August 2013

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